1. The Gullfoss waterfall is the most famous of Iceland’s mythical waterfalls and will be the first Indian attraction to which all natives will lead you. The falls cascade 105 feet into a magnificent canyon. The mist rises from the base, and on a clear and pleasant day, the sun projects magnificent rainbows over the entire extent of the falls.
2. No visit to Iceland is complete without a day in the capital, Reykjavik, the country’s cultural center. Here you can spend a day exploring the city’s many museums, dine at the famous landmark, The Pearl, and spend the evening drinking in one of Reykjavik’s elegant bars or dancing in one of its discos.
3. Thingvellir National Park, located about 40 minutes west of Reykjavik, is the oldest national park in Iceland. It is a protected area of historic significance that has a beautiful 52 square mile lake and great hiking trails through the lava fields.
4. The Grand Geysir (where the word “geyser” comes from) is the largest geyser in the world and is easily accessible by bus to Reykjavik. The Grand Geysir was formed in the 1300s; although now it only explodes on special (designed) occasions, the neighboring Strokkur explodes every 30 minutes for those wishing to take pictures.
5. The Blue Lagoon, located about 15 minutes from Keflavík International Airport, has been a long-time favorite of Icelandic visitors, especially those wishing to test the notion that the seaweed, silica and salt bath minerals are restorative for health. The lagoon is located in the middle of a lava field covered with moss and draws its seawater 2000 meters below the surface. Whole families can swim here in calm and peaceful water.
6. Iceland is the most active part of the aurora oval in the southern hemisphere, which means that whenever there is a clear sky, the northern lights or the northern lights can be seen lighting up the sky with its vibrant and brilliant colors and shapes. Iceland is generally well placed to view the Northern Lights, but bus tours are also available for those wishing to “hunt” these lights and see them in their varying splendor.
7. In medieval Europe, Mount Hekla was considered an entrance into hell and was feared by locals. But now visitors are eagerly flocking to this volcanic mountain, which rises to 4,892 feet high and most recently erupted in February 2000. The volcano dominates the plains, and its unusual, flat, ridged summit is often surrounded by a cloud bank, explaining the name of the volcano, “Hekla” or “hooded”.
8. The Kverkfjöll Ice Caves, located just north of Vatnajökull, are one of the largest and strangest geothermal areas in the world. Here you can witness a warm river flowing under glacial ice! The hot water evaporates in the enclosed space and leaves beautiful patterns on the walls of the cave. Visitors can also hike from the glacier to the hot springs near Hveradalur.
9. The Vatnajokull glacier, known for its volcanic activity, is another region of Iceland in which visitors can witness the surprising interaction of hot and cold. Vatnajokull is the largest glacier in Europe and covers around 8% of the country.
10. Another waterfall that must have made this list is Skógafoss on the Skoda River, which is a favorite among locals and visitors due to its classic rectangular shape and its immense height of 60 meters. Skógafoss is easy to access and is usually flooded with visitors, who can climb a path from the base of the falls to reach the summit.